RICE / RIZ / ARROZ / الأرز (Rice in Arabic) / ORYZA / PİRİNÇ

Rice as a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize, according to data of FAOSTAT 2012.

Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is labor-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water. However, rice can be grown practically anywhere, even on a steep hill or mountain area with the use of water-controlling terrace systems. Although its parent species are native to Asia and certain parts of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have made it common place in many cultures worldwide.

First used in English in the middle of the 13th century, the word "rice" derives from the Old French ris, which comes from Italian riso, in turn from the Latin oriza, which derives from the Greek ὄρυζα (oruza).

World Wide Rice Consumption

  • Nearly half of the world’s population consume rice as part of their staple diet and demand is expected to grow by 50%by 2030.
  • World rice production in 2007 was approximately 645 million tones with over 114 countries growing rice.
  • Asian farmers produce about 90% of the total ,with two countries , china & India, growing more than half the total crop.
  • There are more than 40,000 different varieties of rice.
  • However, only around 10% are grown commercially.
  • Most of the world’s rice is consumed in the area in which it is grown, just 6% traded internationally.
  • The average person in U.K. eats 4.4kg of rice each year compared with 40-60 kg in some parts of asia.